The Factory Hierarchy in the Village: Recruitment Networks and Labour Control in Kong Pisei District of Cambodia

Prota, Laura and Beresford, Melanie (2012) The Factory Hierarchy in the Village: Recruitment Networks and Labour Control in Kong Pisei District of Cambodia. Institutions and Economies, 4 (3). pp. 103-122.

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Abstract

Most analyses of the garment value chain begin at the factory production line. We approach the value chain instead from the perspective of the village community from which workers are recruited. In our Cambodian case study, we show that the factory’s hierarchical relationships are replicated within the village. Using network analysis we find that recruitment networks are largely controlled by factory supervisors and can become a mechanism of control over the labour force. We further show that the factory hierarchy can influence the pattern of capital accumulation and economic change within the village. Our results demonstrate that the value chain cannot be treated as if it ends at the factory floor. Moreover, corporate social responsibility policies, whether state, corporate or buyer-instigated, cannot by themselves eliminate ‘sweatshop’ conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cambodia, garment industry, labour control, recruitment networks, value chain
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Depositing User: MS NURUL SYAFIQAH RAMALIM
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2013 03:21
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2013 03:21
URI: http://repository.um.edu.my/id/eprint/1052

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