A Survey of Avifauna in Bachok District, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia.

N.H., Ramli R.: Ya’cob Z.: Aimi F.: Ezyan (0001) A Survey of Avifauna in Bachok District, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Science.

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Abstract

A survey on bird diversity was conducted along coastal areas of Bachok, Kelantan. The aim of the study is to document avian species diversity in the proposed site for UM Marine Field Station. Field visits were conducted five times over a period of 12 months from June 2008 until May 2009. The direct observation technique was applied to record bird species. A total of 70 species of birds from 30 families were recorded in the study area. Of this, three species were introduced species, 45 were residents, 11 were migrants, and 11 species have both migrants and residents populations. Forty-eight of the recorded species are either totally protected or partially protected (two species as game birds and other two species as licence caged birds) under Protection of Wildlife Act 1976. In term of conservation status, two species (Grey-breasted Babbler, Malacopteron albogulare and Longtailed Parakeet, Psittacula longicauda) are classified as Nearly Threatened by the IUCN Red Data Book. Fifty-two recorded species are commonly found throughout Peninsular Malaysia but ten species are uncommon, seven are abundant, and a single species (Javan Pond-Heron, Ardeola speciosa) is rarely found. Bird distributions and species diversity recorded during each visit varied depending on sampling site. Generally, Bachok district possesses a wide variety of birds and can contribute significantly towards biodiversity conservation and management. Satu bancian ke atas kepelbagaian spesies burung telah dijalankan di sepanjang kawasan pantai di Bachok, Kelantan. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk merekodkan kepelbagaian spesies burung di tapak cadangan Stesen Kajiluar Marin UM. Kajian lapangan telah dijalankan sebanyak lima kali sepanjang tempoh 12 bulan dari Jun 2008 hingga Mei 2009. Kaedah pemerhatian langsung telah digunakan bagi merekod spesies burung. Sebanyak 70 spesies burung dari 30 famili telah direkodkan di kawasan kajian. Daripada jumlah ini, tiga spesies adalah diperkenalkan, 45 adalah residen, 11 adalah migran, dan 11 spesies mempunyai kedua-dua populasi migran dan residen. Empat puluh lapan spesies yang direkodkan adalah samada diperlindungi sepenuhnya atau diperlindungi (dua spesies sebagai burung buruan dan dua spesies lain sebagai burung peliharaan berlesen) di bawah Akta Perlindungan Hidupan Liar 1972 (Act 1976). Dari segi status pemuliharaan, dua spesies (Rimba Dahan, Malacopteron albogulare dan Bayan Nuri, Psittacula longicauda) dikelaskan sebagai hampir terancam oleh Buku Data Merah IUCN. Lima puluh dua spesies yang direkodkan biasa ditemui di serata Semenanjung Malaysia tetapi sepuluh spesies tidak biasa ditemui, tujuh adalah melimpah, dan satu spesies (Pucung Jawa, Ardeola speciosa) jarang ditemui. Taburan burung dan kepelbagaian spesies yang direkodkan pada setiap lawatan adalah berbeza bagi setiap tapak kajian. Secara umumnya, daerah Bachok mempunyai varieti burung yang pelbagai dan berupaya menyumbang kepada pemuliharaan dan pengurusan secara signifikan.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bird diversity, bird survey, rural area, biodiversity inventory
Depositing User: MR. ADNAN YAHYA
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 0001
Last Modified: 09 Jan 0001
URI: http://repository.um.edu.my/id/eprint/111656

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