DIABETES CONTROL  THE LEGACY OF A MEMORY

SP, Vijay AP, Chan (0005) DIABETES CONTROL  THE LEGACY OF A MEMORY. Journal of Health and Translational Medicine.

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JUMMEC 2009 12(2) 47-56.pdf

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Abstract

Achieving and maintaining good glycaemic control remains an important goal in the management of this common and prevalent disorder. Recent evidence from important megatrials, ACCORD, ADVANCE, VADT, UKPDS-10 year follow-up as well as the STENO-2 follow-up study, have cleared doubts concerning the benefits of targeting good glycaemic control. For the first time, we have the reassurance that macrovascular benefits can be realised from good glycaemic control. The legacy effect of prior good glucose control from the UKPDS-10 year follow-up, reinforces the results seen from the DCCT-EDIC (for Type 1 diabetes). The Intervention Phase of the UKPDS revealed benefits for reduction of microvascular complications, while it was only at the end of the Post-Trial Monitoring Phase where significant improvements in both micro and macrovascular outcomes were seen.(JUMMEC 2009; 12(2): 47-56) The other three Trials assessing the effect of glycaemic control on cardiovascular outcomes, although largely negative for CV benefit, give valuable insight towards appropriate patient characteristics for which aggressive glucose control can and should be instituted. Individualising glycaemic targets, which has been the approach that many clinicians have been practising, has received new impetus albeit with clearer details. Getting to glycaemic goal early in the course of T2DM and Doing to Safely (Avoiding hypoglycaemia) are the key ingredients to successful management. The legacy of the memory of initial good metabolic/glycaemic control is investment in good health with benefits of reductions in both micro and more importantly, macrovascular disease, years later. Multifactorial interventions that include blood pressure, lipid lowering in addition to glucose control in these individuals with the Metabolic Syndrome result in more immediate beneficial additive effects on cardiovascular outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cardiovascular disease, clinical trials, diabetic complications, disease duration, macrovascular complications, microvascular complications, risk of hypoglycaemia, Type 2 diabetes,Type 2 diabetes treatment
Depositing User: MR. ADNAN YAHYA
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 0005
Last Modified: 12 Oct 0005
URI: http://repository.um.edu.my/id/eprint/111902

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