Akashah, Timothy Kurannen Baaki:Mohamad Rizal Baharum:Farid Wajdi (0005) CRITICAL FACTORS OF MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HEALTHCARE FACILITIES. Journal of Design and Built Environment.

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The aim of this paper was to identify critical factors of medical waste management (MWM) success in developing countries, and assess how well these factors have been implemented toward achieving MWM goals in healthcare facilities (HCFs) in Benue State, Nigeria. This study adopted a case study approach. First, review of literature regarding to identify factors critical to MWM was followed by key informant interviews conducted across four (4) case study healthcare facilities (HCFs). Eight (8) critical factors, especially, in developing countries were identified through literature review. Six (6) of these factors were validated by a semi-structured interview conducted across the four selected case study HCFs, and on a Likert Scale of 1-5 the level of criticality and implementation of these factors were determined. Training, sensitization and awareness was considered the most critical factor (mean=4.75), followed by environmental legislation in compliance with international environmental rules/regulations; and specific and elaborate regulations with regard to medical waste (mean=4.25) each. The third most critical factors were financing and investment; infrastructure; and adequate and efficient workforce (mean=4) each. It was found that implementation of the critical factors at the HCFs was poor. Issues contributing to poor implementation include lack of awareness on existing medical waste management guidelines; lack of enforceable national policy or regulation on medical waste management; inadequate finance among others. This study considered a small number of healthcare facilities, and recommends further studies in the aspect of understanding success factors of medical waste management with regards to the peculiar challenges of developing countries.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Medical waste management, healthcare facilities, critical factors, developing countries, Nigeria.
Depositing User: MR. ADNAN YAHYA
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 0005
Last Modified: 15 Oct 0005

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