Work and sociodemographic determinants of musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper limb among hospital based nurses in Australia.

HL, Kelsall and MR, Sim and DM, Urquhart and Hoe, VCW (2010) Work and sociodemographic determinants of musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper limb among hospital based nurses in Australia. Australiasia Epidemiological Association.

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Abstract

Background: Nurses are an occupational group at high risk of work related musculoskeletal disorders. This has implications for workforce retention. This study is the Australian arm of the International Survey of Physical, Cultural and Psychosocial Influenced on Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Associated Disability (CUPID) Aim: The aim is to determin the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms of the neck and upper-limb and to investigate the association of work and sociodemographic factors with multi-site neck and upper-limb pain. Methods: The study population consisted of all nurses working in a major metropolitan hospital who were invited to participate by completing the postal/online questionnaire. The questionnaire collected information on demographics, occupational and psychosocial risk factors and musculoskeletal symptoms and pain at several body sites. Association between the risk factors and outcome measure was determinde using a modified Poisson Regression Model to estimate the prevalence ratio (PR) with 95% CI. Those with musculoskeletal pain in the neck, shoulder, elbow or wrist/hand for seven days or more in the past 12 months were considered as cases. Results: After three mail-outs 1,108 nurses had completed the questionnaire (participation rate 38%). Participatants were predominantly female (91.2%), married/de-facto (61.9%), between 21 and 75 years (mean 41.5), and more than 45% had at least post-graduate certificate. The most common site of pain lasting for seven days or more in the past 12 months was neck (29.6%) then shoulder (21.9%), hand/wrist (13.3%) and elbow (7.5%). Around 20% had pain in more than one neck/upper-limb site. After controlling for confounding factors, being female (PR 1.8; 95% CI 1,2-2.7), age > 40 years (PR 1.4; 1.1-1.7), low job control (PR 1.4; 1.1-1.6) and physical load factor (PR 1.5; 1.2-1.9) were found to be associated with multi-site pain in the neck and upper-limb. Conclusion: Several factors were found to be independely associated with multi-site pain in the neck and upper-limb.

Item Type: Other
Uncontrolled Keywords: Work and sociodemographic determinants of musculoskeletal disorders of the neck and upper limb a
Subjects: R Medicine
Depositing User: MR. ADNAN YAHYA
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2011
Last Modified: 24 Aug 2011
URI: http://repository.um.edu.my/id/eprint/14505

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