Attitudes of Librarians Towards Application of Information Technology in Academic Libraries in Pakistan

Chaudhry Faqir Muhammad, Muhammad Ramzan (2010) Attitudes of Librarians Towards Application of Information Technology in Academic Libraries in Pakistan. PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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Librarians, being key stakeholders in the development of libraries, play a strategic role in application of IT in libraries. Their attitudes are critical in determining the levels of IT application. However, there is a lack of studies on librarians’ attitudes towards IT application. This study investigated the attitudes of librarians towards application of IT in academic libraries in Pakistan. Data was collected from 288 head librarians of sampled libraries through a questionnaire survey, and 219 (76%) valid questionnaires were used for analysis. Findings revealed a good state of development in IT applications as 69.3% respondents had two or more PCs, 91.3% had e-mail and Internet, and 87.6% had some degree of automation. A majority, 75.8% of the respondents had access to online journals and e-books through the National Digital Library. However, 4.6% respondents were without PCs, 8.7% had no email and Internet, 11% had not started automation, and only 8.2% were 100% automated. The majority of the respondents were not using state-of-the-art integrated library systems for automation. Respondents overall showed positive attitudes toward IT with a mean of 3.71 measured on a 5-point Likert scale through 42 IT attitude statements. They generally had positive attitudes towards impact of IT (mean= 3.43), IT costs and resource allocation (mean= 3.59), IT training for staff and users (mean= 4.19), and for general statements on IT (mean= 3.64). However, respondents showed negative attitudes on statements concerning job fears because of IT, maintaining automated library inventory, data storage on computers, cost of IT tools vs. their worth for Pakistani libraries, and need to abandon rules developed to handle print resources in favour of new rules to manage e-resources. Results revealed perceives confidence in IT application, perceived capabilities of IT and perceived usefulness of IT as important dimensions of librarians’ attitudes toward IT application in academic libraries in akistan. Libraries’ level of IT availability (r=.210, p<.05) and level of IT use (r=.281, p<.05) and staff size (r=.145, p<.05) were positively correlated with librarians IT attitudes. While no significant relationship existed between size of library and librarians IT attitude. No difference existed in librarians IT attitudes based on location of libraries, gender, and librarians’ professional qualification. Librarians’ age (r=-.174, p<.05) experiences as a librarian (r=-.172, p<.05) and as a head librarian (r=-.239, p<.05) were negatively correlated with their IT ttitudes. A significant positive relationship was determined between librarians’ IT attitudes and their experience in computer usage (r=.190, p<.05), level of technology knowledge (r=.175, p<.05), awareness about new technologies (r=.275, p<.05). Findings indicated that confidence in IT application, ownership of IT application, level of IT knowledge,fears of IT, IT training, IT-based rules and regulations, librarians’ dynamism and potential as an innovation enabler were key determinants of librarians’ attitudes. Librarians were not fully involved in IT related decision-making processes. Given that 91.8% libraries were not fully automated, it is imperative that the librarians’ overall positive attitudes be leveraged to further increase the libraries’ potential to acquire and use new technologies through adequate training, financial resources, effective decisionmaking role, and management’s trust. The findings of this study could be used to assess and address the affects of different variables on librarians’ attitudes, increase the positiveness of attitudes toward IT and envisage its implications for library development. This study will also be useful for academic libraries in developing countries, with similar level of knowledge base.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Subjects: Z Bibliography. Library Science. Information Resources > Z665 Library Science. Information Science
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Electronics and Computer Science
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2013 02:54
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2013 02:54

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