Kompetensi komunikatif dan strategi komunikasi bahasa arab di kalangan pelajar sek. Men. Keb. Agama di Negeri Selangor

Abdullah, Abdul Rahman (2009) Kompetensi komunikatif dan strategi komunikasi bahasa arab di kalangan pelajar sek. Men. Keb. Agama di Negeri Selangor. EngD thesis, University of Malaya.

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Abstract

The research aims (a) to measure the level of communicative competency among students, (b) to relate the various variables selected with the level of communicative competency, (c) to identify the obstructions faced by students while communicating in Arabic language, and (d) to identify the various communicative strategies used by the students when having difficulties in communicating in Arabic language. This research is based on the Input Hypotheses Theory by Krashen (1981), Communicative Competency Model by Canale and Swain (1980) and Taxonomy of Communication Strategies by Tarone (1983) and the Competency Test Model by Shekhan (1998). It is a cross-sectional descriptive research using quantitative and qualitative approach when analyzing data. The research was divided into two phases; (a) The questionnaires and the oral competency test were administered to 155 Form Four students in three different schools of Sek. Men. Keb. Agama in the state of Selangor, and (b) A case study was carried out on 18 respondents selected by purposive sampling at three different level of communicative competency.The instruments in this research are (a) questionnaires, (b) oral competency test and (c) communicative activities. Speech production obtained from the oral communicative activities were recorded and used to analyze the communicative strategies applied by students facing difficulties in communication. The findings show the level of communicative competency are satisfactory. The highest level of communicative competence is the ability to describe oneself, family and society and the lowest level is the ability to communicate on current social issues. The communicative approach used by teachers in the teaching of the Arabic language shows a very significant relationship on communicative competency. The finding also shows the main obstructions for respondents communicating in Arabic is the problem of lack of Arabic lexical. The findings also show that respondents with a higher level of communicative competency in Arabic language, reflects a higher percentage in using approximation strategy and circumlocution strategy. However, topic avoidance strategy and message abandonment strategy decrease. Respondents in the lower level of communicative competency prefer to use language switching strategy and message abandonment strategy. The research also highlights that respondents with average level of communicative competency used literal translation strategy and appeal of assistance strategy. The finding shows that there are three new strategies used by respondents that are not mentioned in Tarone’s taxonomy of communication strategies (1983). These three strategies are as followed; (a) borrow words strategy, (b) pause strategy, and (c) repetitive strategy. Based on the new finding of communicative strategy , one model is suggested - Model of Communication Strategies in Arabic Language. This will give an impact on the pedagogical method used in the teaching and learning process of Arabic language in Malaysia

Item Type: Thesis (EngD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Communicative competency, Arabic language, Communicative strategies
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Depositing User: MS NOOR ZAKIRA ZULRIMI
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2013 04:15
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2013 04:15
URI: http://repository.um.edu.my/id/eprint/645

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