Pembangunan dan pengujian prototaip sistem pembelajaran kelas Maya (SPKM)

Hamidon, Zahari (2009) Pembangunan dan pengujian prototaip sistem pembelajaran kelas Maya (SPKM). PhD thesis, University of Malaya.

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The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate a Virtual Classroom Learning System (VCLS) in the context of Malaysian educational scenario. The study also intends to design a learning specification through benchmarking and usability study as a guide to define, evaluate and develop a delivery system in VCLS that focuses on its interface design. This study uses cross-sectional surveys as its two main activities: Benchmarking and usability studies. Benchmarking is conducted on three educational web portals in Malaysia to gain data on user’s needs focusing on its delivery system by 47 respondents consisting of students from Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei Darussalam and University of Malaya, Malaysia. Usability study is conducted in Development Phase 1 and 2 to test the effectiveness of the prototype delivery system in the beta version, based on the findings in the benchmarking process. The activity involved 85 and 69 students from Universiti Brunei Darussalam that is undergoing the course in Educational Technology both Malay and English medium. The finding shows that the delivery system through its interface design developed in phase 1is able to provide an effective interaction which can help to link teachers as evaluators to the content in the VCLS. The effectiveness is measured based on the ability of the users in achieving their learning objectives which can be observed through their average test score regardless of their subject area. The core skills component with mean above 3.0, shows that the users have given a positive feedback. This shows that the delivery system is able to assist the users to gain the skills listed in the core skills component. The content structure designed based on the SCORM sequencing has positive effects on the users’ performance. On the whole, the findings show that the processes in phase 1 have contributed positively to the activities in phase 2. The delivery system is also found to comply with SCORM (RAID) criteria. The findings on the three components: 1) usability attribute on the screen design; 2) usability on the learning management system and 3) test score in the learning management system have shown to comply to SCORM criteria has resulted in the positive output. This study focuses specifically on defining and clarifying the problem solving approach that can be implemented through a virtual learning environment. The activities planned in the work breakdown structure (WBS) is embedded within an instructional design process. The instructional design process is supported by other fields such as Human Computer Interaction (HCI) inventory, usability attribute v component and two evaluation activities such as benchmarking, usability study. Experience from the SCORM best practices is used in order to enhance the work breakdown structure. In this situation instructional design (ID) in itself is insufficient to ensure the quality of the delivery system, especially when implemented virtually. In order to produce a quality WBS in developing the delivery system for VLS application, the designer needs to explore other evaluation approaches from appropriate discipline. The findings can also serve as an indicator to the developer and teacher who intend to design and develop the learning web portal. They can use it to design and develop or to revise the delivery system in the educational web portal. The finding can contribute to the practice of ID with ‘value-added’ support from other areas such as HCI, benchmarking and feasibility study. This will produce an effective delivery system in virtual classroom especially with the emergence of Web 2.0 tool. Hence, the contribution to the field of educational technology with respect to producing the virtual learning environment.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Virtual Classroom Learning System, Malaysian education, Interface design
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2013 04:11
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2013 04:11

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