SABAH AND SARAWAK IN MALAYSIA: FORTY YEARS LATER

Anak Jawan, Jayum and Yusoff, Mohammad Agus (2003) SABAH AND SARAWAK IN MALAYSIA: FORTY YEARS LATER. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 8 (1).

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Abstract

Nation building is a primary goal of any independent and sovereign nation state. The concept conjures various meanings. Nevertheless, the general ideas about nation building may be briefly summarised as follows. Firstly, it is primarily concerned with the pursuit of political integration. This is crucial as the new nation state attempts to build a working and sustainable political consensus to run the country. Secondly, the success of forging political integration is related directly to the number of social elements that are found within each nation state. Naturally, the more diverse the social elements of a given nation state, the more challenging the task becomes for that nation state in forging political integration. This diversity can be further com-pounded where diversities are also exacerbated by factors of race and ethnicity. Thirdly, the objective of and success in forging political and social integration are critical in converging the national energies and resources in order to promote social advancement and economic development. In the light of the above deיִnition, this paper aims to discuss the process of nation building particularly in relations to the states of Sabah and Sarawak. After forty years in Malaysia, where do the states of Sabah and Sarawak stand in the process of nation building? Are the two states now more united and integrated with the rest of the states in the Federation? What are the contending issues and problems of nation building with regards to Sabah and Sarawak? What more can be done? These are the major issues that will be addressed by this paper. However, before proceeding to discuss them, a brief background of how Sabah and Sarawak came to be an integral element in the formation of the Federation of Malaysia is important in providing a context in which to appreciate the accomplishments that have been made over the last forty years and to understand the continuing problems that need to be addressed.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: SABAH, SARAWAK, MALAYSIA, DEVELEOPMENT, FUTURE PROSPECTS
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D204 Modern History
Depositing User: MS NOR SUZIEYANA ABDUL MAJID
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2013 07:33
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2013 07:33
URI: http://repository.um.edu.my/id/eprint/702

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